Annual report pursuant to Section 13 and 15(d)

Income Taxes

Income Taxes
12 Months Ended
Dec. 31, 2020
Income Taxes [Abstract]  



A reconciliation of the statutory Federal income tax rate and effective rate of the provision for income taxes is as follows:


    Year ended December 31,  
    2020     2019  
Computed "expected" tax benefit   $ (2,287,528 )     (1,804,200 )
Increase (reduction) in income taxes resulting from:                
State Tax, net of federal     (446,351 )     (225,900 )
Stock Compensation     309,838       372,190  
Other     188       17,572  
Change in the valuation allowance     2,423,853       1,640,338  
Total income tax expense/(benefit)   $        


Deferred income taxes reflect the net tax effects of temporary differences between the carrying amounts of assets and liabilities recognized for financial reporting, and the amounts recognized for income tax purposes. The significant components of deferred tax assets as of December 31, 2020 and 2019, respectively, are as follows:


Deferred Tax Assets (rounded)


    Total     Total     Deferred Tax Asset  
    2020     2019     2020     2019  
Net operating loss carry-forward     23,294,000       14,120,000       5,996,000       3,635,000  
Accrued Expenses     243,000             62,000        
Intangible Assets     (1,000 )     (1,000 )            
Less: valuation allowance     (23,536,000 )     (14,119,000 )     (6,058,000 )     (3,635,000 )
Total   $     $     $     $  


The Company has a net operating loss carry-forward for federal and state tax purposes of approximately $23.3 million at December 31, 2020, that is potentially available to offset future taxable income. The 20-year limitation was eliminated for losses generated after January 1, 2018, giving the taxpayer the ability to carry forward losses indefinitely. However, NOL carry forward arising after January 1, 2018, will now be limited to 80 percent of taxable income. In assessing the realizability of the deferred tax assets, management considers whether it is more likely than not that some portion or all of the deferred tax assets will not be realized. Management considers the scheduled reversal of deferred tax liabilities, projected future taxable income, net operating loss carryback potential and tax planning strategies in making these assessments.


Based on the above criteria, the Company believes that it is more likely than not that the remaining deferred tax assets will not be realized. Accordingly, the Company has recorded a valuation allowance of $6.0M against the net deferred tax asset that is not realizable.  


Section 382 of the Internal Revenue Code ("Section 382") imposes limitations on a corporation's ability to utilize net operating losses if it experiences an "ownership change." In general terms, an ownership change may result from transactions increasing the ownership of certain stockholders in the stock of a corporation by more than 50 percentage points over a three-year period. Any unused annual limitation may be carried over to later years, and the amount of the limitation may under certain circumstances be increased by the built-in gains in assets held by us at the time of the change that are recognized in the five-year period after the change.


The Company has not performed a study to assess whether an ownership change for purposes of Section 382 has occurred, or whether there have been multiple ownership changes since the Company's inception, due to the significant costs and complexities associated with such study. If the Company has experienced a change in control, as defined by Section 382, at any time since its public offering, utilization of net operating loss carryforwards would be subject to an annual limitation under Section 382. Any limitation may result in expiration of a portion of the net operating losses before utilization.


The Company files tax returns as prescribed by the tax laws of the jurisdictions in which they operate. In the normal course of business, the Company is subject to examination by Federal and state jurisdictions where applicable based on the statute of limitations that apply in each jurisdiction. As of December 31, 2020, open years related to the Federal and state jurisdictions are 2019, 2018 & 2017. Since the Company was not a taxable entity prior to reincorporation, examination of returns for years prior to 2017 will not result in changes to tax liability or benefit. The Company has no open tax audits with any taxing authority as of December 31, 2020.